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JSP MD5加密的实现方法

来源:五二脚本发布时间:03-02浏览:589 次
这篇文章主要介绍了JSP MD5加密的实现方法,较为详细的分析了JSP采用MD5加密的功能、特点及实现技巧,具有一定参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下.

在各种应用系统的开发中,经常需要存储用户信息,很多地方都要存储用户密码,而将用户密码直接存储在服务器上显然是不安全的,本文简要介绍在JSP中如何实现MD5加密的方法,希望能抛砖引玉。

(一)消息摘要简介
一个消息摘要就是一个数据块的数字指纹。即对一个任意长度的一个数据块进行计算,产生一个唯一指印(对于SHA1是产生一个20字节的二进制数组)。消息摘要是一种与消息认证码结合使用以确保消息完整性的技术。主要使用单向散列函数算法,可用于检验消息的完整性,和通过散列密码直接以文本形式保存等,目前广泛使用的算法有MD4、MD5、SHA-1。

消息摘要有两个基本属性:

两个不同的报文难以生成相同的摘要

难以对指定的摘要生成一个报文,而可以由该报文反推算出该指定的摘要。

Java源码

import java.security.MessageDigest; 
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException; 
public class MD5Digest 
{ 
private MessageDigest __md5 = null; 
private StringBuffer __digestBuffer = null; 
public MD5Digest() 
throws NoSuchAlgorithmException 
{ 
__md5 = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5"); 
__digestBuffer = new StringBuffer(); 
} 
public String md5crypt(String s) 
{ 
__digestBuffer.setLength(0); 
byte abyte0[] = __md5.digest(s.getBytes()); 
for(int i = 0; i < abyte0.length; i++) 
__digestBuffer.append(toHex(abyte0[i])); 
return __digestBuffer.toString(); 
} 
public String toHex(byte one){ 
String HEX="0123456789ABCDEF"; 
char[] result=new char[2]; 
result[0]=HEX.charAt((one & 0xf0) >> 4); 
result[1]=HEX.charAt(one & 0x0f); 
String mm=new String(result); 
return mm; 
} 
} 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/************************************************ 
  MD5 算法的Java Bean 
  @author:Topcat Tuppin 
  Last Modified:10,Mar,2001 
  *************************************************/ 
  package beartool; 
  import java.lang.reflect.*; 
  /************************************************* 
  md5 类实现了RSA Data Security, Inc.在提交给IETF 
  的RFC1321中的MD5 message-digest 算法。 
  *************************************************/ 
  public class MD5 { 
  /* 下面这些S11-S44实际上是一个4*4的矩阵,在原始的C实现中是用#define 实现的, 
  这里把它们实现成为static final是表示了只读,切能在同一个进程空间内的多个 
  Instance间共享*/ 
  static final int S11 = 7; 
  static final int S12 = 12; 
  static final int S13 = 17; 
  static final int S14 = 22; 
  static final int S21 = 5; 
  static final int S22 = 9; 
  static final int S23 = 14; 
  static final int S24 = 20; 
  static final int S31 = 4; 
  static final int S32 = 11; 
  static final int S33 = 16; 
  static final int S34 = 23; 
  static final int S41 = 6; 
  static final int S42 = 10; 
  static final int S43 = 15; 
  static final int S44 = 21; 
  static final byte[] PADDING = { -128, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 }; 
  /* 下面的三个成员是MD5计算过程中用到的3个核心数据,在原始的C实现中 
  被定义到MD5_CTX结构中 
 
  */ 
  private long[] state = new long[4];// state (ABCD) 
  private long[] count = new long[2];// number of bits, modulo 2^64 (lsb first) 
  private byte[] buffer = new byte[64]; // input buffer 
 
  /* digestHexStr是MD5的唯一一个公共成员,是最新一次计算结果的 
    16进制ASCII表示. 
  */ 
  public String digestHexStr; 
 
  /* digest,是最新一次计算结果的2进制内部表示,表示128bit的MD5值. 
  */ 
  private byte[] digest = new byte[16]; 
 
  /* 
  getMD5ofStr是类MD5最主要的公共方法,入口参数是你想要进行MD5变换的字符串 
  返回的是变换完的结果,这个结果是从公共成员digestHexStr取得的. 
  */ 
  public String getMD5ofStr(String inbuf) { 
  md5Init(); 
  md5Update(inbuf.getBytes(), inbuf.length()); 
  md5Final(); 
  digestHexStr = ""; 
  for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) { 
  digestHexStr += byteHEX(digest[i]); 
  } 
  return digestHexStr; 
  } 
  // 这是MD5这个类的标准构造函数,JavaBean要求有一个public的并且没有参数的构造函数 
  public MD5() { 
  md5Init(); 
  return; 
  } 
  /* md5Init是一个初始化函数,初始化核心变量,装入标准的幻数 */ 
  private void md5Init() { 
  count[0] = 0L; 
  count[1] = 0L; 
  ///* Load magic initialization constants. 
  state[0] = 0x67452301L; 
  state[1] = 0xefcdab89L; 
  state[2] = 0x98badcfeL; 
  state[3] = 0x10325476L; 
  return; 
  } 
  /* F, G, H ,I 是4个基本的MD5函数,在原始的MD5的C实现中,由于它们是 
  简单的位运算,可能出于效率的考虑把它们实现成了宏,在java中,我们把它们 
    实现成了private方法,名字保持了原来C中的。 */ 
  private long F(long x, long y, long z) { 
  return (x & y) | ((~x) & z); 
  } 
  private long G(long x, long y, long z) { 
  return (x & z) | (y & (~z)); 
  } 
  private long H(long x, long y, long z) { 
  return x ^ y ^ z; 
  } 
  private long I(long x, long y, long z) { 
  return y ^ (x | (~z)); 
  } 
 
  /* 
  FF,GG,HH和II将调用F,G,H,I进行近一步变换 
  FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4. 
  Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation. 
  */ 
  private long FF(long a, long b, long c, long d, long x, long s, 
  long ac) { 
  a += F (b, c, d) + x + ac; 
  a = ((int) a << s) | ((int) a >>> (32 - s)); 
  a += b; 
  return a; 
  } 
  private long GG(long a, long b, long c, long d, long x, long s, 
  long ac) { 
  a += G (b, c, d) + x + ac; 
  a = ((int) a << s) | ((int) a >>> (32 - s)); 
  a += b; 
  return a; 
  } 
  private long HH(long a, long b, long c, long d, long x, long s, 
  long ac) { 
  a += H (b, c, d) + x + ac; 
  a = ((int) a << s) | ((int) a >>> (32 - s)); 
  a += b; 
  return a; 
  } 
  private long II(long a, long b, long c, long d, long x, long s, 
  long ac) { 
  a += I (b, c, d) + x + ac; 
  a = ((int) a << s) | ((int) a >>> (32 - s)); 
  a += b; 
  return a; 
  } 
  /* 
  md5Update是MD5的主计算过程,inbuf是要变换的字节串,inputlen是长度,这个 
  函数由getMD5ofStr调用,调用之前需要调用md5init,因此把它设计成private的 
  */ 
  private void md5Update(byte[] inbuf, int inputLen) { 
  int i, index, partLen; 
  byte[] block = new byte[64]; 
  index = (int)(count[0] >>> 3) & 0x3F; 
  // /* Update number of bits */ 
  if ((count[0] += (inputLen << 3)) < (inputLen << 3)) 
  count[1]++; 
  count[1] += (inputLen >>> 29); 
  partLen = 64 - index; 
  // Transform as many times as possible. 
  if (inputLen >= partLen) { 
  md5Memcpy(buffer, inbuf, index, 0, partLen); 
  md5Transform(buffer); 
  for (i = partLen; i + 63 < inputLen; i += 64) { 
  md5Memcpy(block, inbuf, 0, i, 64); 
  md5Transform (block); 
  } 
  index = 0; 
  } else 
  i = 0; 
  ///* Buffer remaining input */ 
  md5Memcpy(buffer, inbuf, index, i, inputLen - i); 
  } 
 
  /* 
  md5Final整理和填写输出结果 
  */ 
  private void md5Final () { 
  byte[] bits = new byte[8]; 
  int index, padLen; 
  ///* Save number of bits */ 
  Encode (bits, count, 8); 
  ///* Pad out to 56 mod 64. 
  index = (int)(count[0] >>> 3) & 0x3f; 
  padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 - index) : (120 - index); 
  md5Update (PADDING, padLen); 
  ///* Append length (before padding) */ 
  md5Update(bits, 8); 
  ///* Store state in digest */ 
  Encode (digest, state, 16); 
  } 
 
  /* md5Memcpy是一个内部使用的byte数组的块拷贝函数,从input的inpos开始把len长度的 
        字节拷贝到output的outpos位置开始 
  */ 
  private void md5Memcpy (byte[] output, byte[] input, 
  int outpos, int inpos, int len) 
  { 
  int i; 
  for (i = 0; i < len; i++) 
  output[outpos + i] = input[inpos + i]; 
  } 
 
  /* 
  md5Transform是MD5核心变换程序,有md5Update调用,block是分块的原始字节 
  */ 
  private void md5Transform (byte block[]) { 
  long a = state[0], b = state[1], c = state[2], d = state[3]; 
  long[] x = new long[16]; 
  Decode (x, block, 64); 
  /* Round 1 */ 
  a = FF (a, b, c, d, x[0], S11, 0xd76aa478L); /* 1 */ 
  d = FF (d, a, b, c, x[1], S12, 0xe8c7b756L); /* 2 */ 
  c = FF (c, d, a, b, x[2], S13, 0x242070dbL); /* 3 */ 
  b = FF (b, c, d, a, x[3], S14, 0xc1bdceeeL); /* 4 */ 
  a = FF (a, b, c, d, x[4], S11, 0xf57c0fafL); /* 5 */ 
  d = FF (d, a, b, c, x[5], S12, 0x4787c62aL); /* 6 */ 
  c = FF (c, d, a, b, x[6], S13, 0xa8304613L); /* 7 */ 
  b = FF (b, c, d, a, x[7], S14, 0xfd469501L); /* 8 */ 
  a = FF (a, b, c, d, x[8], S11, 0x698098d8L); /* 9 */ 
  d = FF (d, a, b, c, x[9], S12, 0x8b44f7afL); /* 10 */ 
  c = FF (c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1L); /* 11 */ 
  b = FF (b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7beL); /* 12 */ 
  a = FF (a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122L); /* 13 */ 
  d = FF (d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193L); /* 14 */ 
  c = FF (c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438eL); /* 15 */ 
  b = FF (b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821L); /* 16 */ 
  /* Round 2 */ 
  a = GG (a, b, c, d, x[1], S21, 0xf61e2562L); /* 17 */ 
  d = GG (d, a, b, c, x[6], S22, 0xc040b340L); /* 18 */ 
  c = GG (c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51L); /* 19 */ 
  b = GG (b, c, d, a, x[0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aaL); /* 20 */ 
  a = GG (a, b, c, d, x[5], S21, 0xd62f105dL); /* 21 */ 
  d = GG (d, a, b, c, x[10], S22, 0x2441453L); /* 22 */ 
  c = GG (c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681L); /* 23 */ 
  b = GG (b, c, d, a, x[4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8L); /* 24 */ 
  a = GG (a, b, c, d, x[9], S21, 0x21e1cde6L); /* 25 */ 
  d = GG (d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6L); /* 26 */ 
  c = GG (c, d, a, b, x[3], S23, 0xf4d50d87L); /* 27 */ 
  b = GG (b, c, d, a, x[8], S24, 0x455a14edL); /* 28 */ 
  a = GG (a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905L); /* 29 */ 
  d = GG (d, a, b, c, x[2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8L); /* 30 */ 
  c = GG (c, d, a, b, x[7], S23, 0x676f02d9L); /* 31 */ 
  b = GG (b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8aL); /* 32 */ 
  /* Round 3 */ 
  a = HH (a, b, c, d, x[5], S31, 0xfffa3942L); /* 33 */ 
  d = HH (d, a, b, c, x[8], S32, 0x8771f681L); /* 34 */ 
  c = HH (c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122L); /* 35 */ 
  b = HH (b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380cL); /* 36 */ 
  a = HH (a, b, c, d, x[1], S31, 0xa4beea44L); /* 37 */ 
  d = HH (d, a, b, c, x[4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9L); /* 38 */ 
  c = HH (c, d, a, b, x[7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60L); /* 39 */ 
  b = HH (b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70L); /* 40 */ 
  a = HH (a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6L); /* 41 */ 
  d = HH (d, a, b, c, x[0], S32, 0xeaa127faL); /* 42 */ 
  c = HH (c, d, a, b, x[3], S33, 0xd4ef3085L); /* 43 */ 
  b = HH (b, c, d, a, x[6], S34, 0x4881d05L); /* 44 */ 
  a = HH (a, b, c, d, x[9], S31, 0xd9d4d039L); /* 45 */ 
  d = HH (d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5L); /* 46 */ 
  c = HH (c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8L); /* 47 */ 
  b = HH (b, c, d, a, x[2], S34, 0xc4ac5665L); /* 48 */ 
  /* Round 4 */ 
  a = II (a, b, c, d, x[0], S41, 0xf4292244L); /* 49 */ 
  d = II (d, a, b, c, x[7], S42, 0x432aff97L); /* 50 */ 
  c = II (c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7L); /* 51 */ 
  b = II (b, c, d, a, x[5], S44, 0xfc93a039L); /* 52 */ 
  a = II (a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3L); /* 53 */ 
  d = II (d, a, b, c, x[3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92L); /* 54 */ 
  c = II (c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47dL); /* 55 */ 
  b = II (b, c, d, a, x[1], S44, 0x85845dd1L); /* 56 */ 
  a = II (a, b, c, d, x[8], S41, 0x6fa87e4fL); /* 57 */ 
  d = II (d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0L); /* 58 */ 
  c = II (c, d, a, b, x[6], S43, 0xa3014314L); /* 59 */ 
  b = II (b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1L); /* 60 */ 
  a = II (a, b, c, d, x[4], S41, 0xf7537e82L); /* 61 */ 
  d = II (d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235L); /* 62 */ 
  c = II (c, d, a, b, x[2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bbL); /* 63 */ 
  b = II (b, c, d, a, x[9], S44, 0xeb86d391L); /* 64 */ 
  state[0] += a; 
  state[1] += b; 
  state[2] += c; 
  state[3] += d; 
  } 
 
  /*Encode把long数组按顺序拆成byte数组,因为java的long类型是64bit的, 
  只拆低32bit,以适应原始C实现的用途 
  */ 
  private void Encode (byte[] output, long[] input, int len) { 
  int i, j; 
  for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4) { 
  output[j] = (byte)(input[i] & 0xffL); 
  output[j + 1] = (byte)((input[i] >>> 8) & 0xffL); 
  output[j + 2] = (byte)((input[i] >>> 16) & 0xffL); 
  output[j + 3] = (byte)((input[i] >>> 24) & 0xffL); 
  } 
  } 
  /*Decode把byte数组按顺序合成成long数组,因为java的long类型是64bit的, 
  只合成低32bit,高32bit清零,以适应原始C实现的用途 
  */ 
  private void Decode (long[] output, byte[] input, int len) { 
  int i, j; 
 
  for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4) 
  output[i] = b2iu(input[j]) | 
  (b2iu(input[j + 1]) << 8) | 
  (b2iu(input[j + 2]) << 16) | 
  (b2iu(input[j + 3]) << 24); 
  return; 
  } 
 
  /* 
  b2iu是我写的一个把byte按照不考虑正负号的原则的"升位"程序,因为java没有unsigned运算 
  */ 
  public static long b2iu(byte b) { 
  return b < 0 ? b & 0x7F + 128 : b; 
  } 
 
  /*byteHEX(),用来把一个byte类型的数转换成十六进制的ASCII表示, 
   因为java中的byte的toString无法实现这一点,我们又没有C语言中的 
  sprintf(outbuf,"%02X",ib) 
  */ 
  public static String byteHEX(byte ib) { 
  char[] Digit = { '0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9', 
  'A','B','C','D','E','F' }; 
  char [] ob = new char[2]; 
  ob[0] = Digit[(ib >>> 4) & 0X0F]; 
  ob[1] = Digit[ib & 0X0F]; 
  String s = new String(ob); 
  return s; 
  } 
  public static void main(String args[]) { 
 
  MD5 m = new MD5(); 
  if (Array.getLength(args) == 0) {//如果没有参数,执行标准的Test Suite 
 
  System.out.println("MD5 Test suite:"); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"\"):"+m.getMD5ofStr("")); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"a\"):"+m.getMD5ofStr("a")); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"abc\"):"+m.getMD5ofStr("abc")); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"message digest\"):"+m.getMD5ofStr("message digest")); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz\"):"+ 
  m.getMD5ofStr("abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz")); 
  System.out.println("MD5(\"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789\"):"+ 
  m.getMD5ofStr("ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789")); 
  } 
  else  
  System.out.println("MD5(" + args[0] + ")=" + m.getMD5ofStr(args[0])); 
 
 
  } 
  } 

JSP中的使用方法

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 <%@ page language='java' %> 
<jsp:useBean id='oMD5' scope='request' class='beartool.MD5'/> 
<%@ page import='java.util.*'%> 
<%@ page import='java.sql.*'%> 
<html> 
<body> 
<% 
String userid = request.getParameter("UserID");//获取用户输入UserID 
String password = request.getParameter("Password"); //获取用户输入的Password 
 
String pwdmd5 = oMD5.getMD5ofStr(password);//计算MD5的值 
 
PrintWriter rp = response.getWriter(); 
 
Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"); 
 
Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:odbc:community", "", ""); 
Statement stmt = con.createStatement(); 
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("select * from users where userID ='"+userid+"' and pwdmd5= '" + pwdmd5+"'" ); 
if (rs.next())  
{ 
rp.print("Login OK"); 
 
} 
else 
{ 
rp.print("Login Fail"); 
} 
stmt.close(); 
con.close(); 
 
%> 
</body> 
</html> 

以上就是JSP MD5加密的实现方法,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持五二脚本。

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