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分享一个Oracle自动备份脚本

来源:五二脚本发布时间:08-05浏览:262 次
这篇文章主要分享了一个Oracle自动备份脚本的相关资料,需要的朋友可以参考下

具体代码如下所示:


#!/bin/sh
#******************************************************************
# File: oraclebak.sh
# Creation Date: 2014/1/22 17:57:32
# Last Modified: 2014/1/22 17:57:34
# 脚本功能:oracle备份脚本
# 执行方法:1、第一次执行需要root用户执行,脚本会以询问的方式创建备份目录和相关参数
# 2、脚本会自动写入crontab调度里面定时执行,crontab设置是在第一次执行的时候自动添加的
#******************************************************************
echo $USER
if [ $USER != root ]
then
echo "检测到安装用户不是root用户,请用root用户登录再执行安装文件"
exit 1
fi
echo "开始安装oracle数据库备份工具.........................."
echo "请输入备份程序的安装目录:"
read installdir
mkdir -p $installdir
result=$?
while [ $result -ne 0 ]
do
echo "无法创建目录,请重新输入或退出安装。输入y重新输入,输入n退出安装。"
read redo
if [ $redo != y ]
then
echo "用户退出安装。"
exit 0
fi
echo "请输入备份程序的安装目录:"
read installdir
mkdir $installdir
result=$?
done
echo "安装目录创建完成。"
echo "请输入执行备份用户(一般为oracle用户):"
read execuser
id $execuser
result=$?
while [ $result -ne 0 ]
do
echo "不存在该用户,是否更换其它用户或者退出安装新建用户,输入y更换用户,输入n退出安装"
read redo
if [ $redo != y ]
then
echo "用户退出安装"
exit 0
fi
echo "请输入执行备份的用户(一般为tnmsdb2用户)"
read execuser
id $execuser
result=$?
done
echo "你希望建立备份的数据库数量(一般为1)"
read backnum
if [ $backnum -eq 0 ]
then
echo "无备份数据库,退出安装"
exit 0
fi
scount=0
while [ $scount -lt $backnum ]
do
echo "请输入第"$(($scount+1))"个备份登录登录oracle数据库的用户名和密码,以及本地服务名"
echo "用户名"
read username[$scount]
echo "密码"
read password[$scount]
echo "服务名"
read sname[$scount]
su -l -c"sqlplus /nolog" $execuser<<insert
whenever sqlerror exit sql.sqlcode;
connect ${username[$scount]}/${password[$scount]}@${sname[$scount]}
exit
insert
result=$?
if [ $result -ne 0 ]
then
echo "输入数据库信息无法被连接,是否重新输入?输入y重新输入,输入n退出安装。"
read redo
if [ $redo != y ]
then
echo "用户退出安装"
exit 0
fi
else
scount=$(($scount+1))
fi
done
echo "输入值守时间,值守时间的格式为 mm hh dd MM E 。"
echo "m代表分钟,h代表小时,d代表日期,M代表月份,E代表星期"
echo "不输入则为任意时间"
scount=0
iscontinue=y
while [ $iscontinue == y ]
do
echo "输入第$(($scount+1))个值守时间"
echo "分钟"
read min
echo "小时"
read hour
echo "日期"
read day
if [ ! $day ]
then
day="*"
fi
echo "月份"
read mouth
if [ ! $mouth ]
then
mouth="*"
fi
week="*"
backtime[$scount]="$min $hour $day $mouth $week"
echo -e "${backtime[$scount]}"
echo "是否输入更多值守时间?输入y继续,输入n进入下一步。"
read iscontinue
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
echo "是否要进行远程备份?输入y为进行远程备份,输入n进入下一步"
scount=0
read iscontinue
while [ $iscontinue == y ]
do
echo "请选择远程备份类型,输入s为sftp备份类型,否则为ftp备份类型"
read iss
if [ $iss == s ]
then
rtype[$scount]="sftp"
else
rtype[$scount]="ftp"
fi
echo "请输入远程备份地址,可以为域名,计算机名或者ip地址"
read rurl[$scount]
echo "请输入远程备份登录名"
read rname[$scount]
echo "请输入远程备份登录密码"
read rpass[$scount]
echo "是否输入更多远程备份地址?输入y重新输入,n进入下一步"
read iscontinue
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
# installdir
# execuser
# username password sname
# backtime
# rtype rurl rname rpass
echo "您所作的备份配置如下:"
sresult=$(echo -n "$installdir" | grep '^/')
if [ ! $sresult ]
then
installdir="$PWD/$installdir"
else
installdir=$installdir
fi
echo "本地备份目录为$installdir"
echo "执行备份系统用户为$execuser"
echo "系统备份数据库:"
allcount=${#username[@]}
scount=0
while [ $scount -lt $allcount ]
do
echo "${username[$scount]}/${password[$scount]}@${sname[$scount]}"
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
echo "执行备份的值守时间表,*代表任意"
scount=0
backnum=${#backtime[@]}
while [ $scount -lt $backnum ]
do
echo "${backtime[$scount]}"
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
rnum=${#rtype[@]}
if [ $rnum -ne 0 ]
then
echo "远程备份的服务地址为:"
scount=0
while [ $scount -lt $rnum ]
do
echo "连接方式:${rtype[$scount]},连接地址:${rurl[$scount]},用户名:${rname[$scount]},密码:${rpass[$scount]}"
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
fi
echo "是否确认安装?输入y继续,输入n退出安装"
read isgoon
if [ $isgoon != y ]
then
exit 0;
fi
echo "正在生产目录结构................................";
mkdir -p $installdir/logs
mkdir -p $installdir/temp
mkdir -p $installdir/zip
chown -Rvf $execuser $installdir
echo "目录结构生成完成................................"
echo "生成备份执行文件................................"
echo "#!/bin/bash">$installdir/runback.sh
echo "source ~/.bash_profile">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "nowdate=\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "nowmouth=\$(date +%Y-%m)">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "echo \"\$nowdate开始备份.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
scount=0
snum=${#username[@]}
while [ $scount -lt $snum ]
do
echo "exp ${username[$scount]}/${password[$scount]}@${sname[$scount]} file=$installdir/temp/${username[$scount]}_${sname[$scount]}\$nowdate.dmp compress=N>>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log 2>&1">>$installdir/runback.sh
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
echo "echo \"\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)完成备份.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "echo \"\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)开始打包.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "gzip $installdir/zip/\$nowdate.zip $installdir/temp/>>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log 2>&1">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "rm -Rvf $installdir/temp/*>>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log 2>&1">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "echo \"\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)打包完成.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
scount=0
if [ ${#rtype[@]} -ne 0 ]
then
echo "echo \"\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)进行远程备份.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
snum=${#rtype[@]}
while [ $scount -lt $snum ]
do
echo "lftp -u ${rname[$scount]},${rpass[$scount]} ${rtype[$scount]}://${rurl[$scount]}<<remote">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "mkdir remotedbback">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "cd remotedbback">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "mput $installdir/zip/\$nowdate.zip">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "exit">>$installdir/runback.sh
echo "remote">>$installdir/runback.sh
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
echo "echo \"\$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%k.%M.%S)完成远程备份.......................................\">>$installdir/logs/\$nowmouth.log">>$installdir/runback.sh
fi
echo "exit 0">>$installdir/runback.sh
chmod 775 $installdir/runback.sh
chown $execuser $installdir/runback.sh
echo "生成备份执行文件完成............................"
echo "开始定制值守时间................................"
scount=0
snum=${#backtime[@]}
while [ $scount -lt $snum ]
do
echo "${backtime[$scount]} $installdir/runback.sh">>$installdir/planlist
scount=$(($scount+1))
done
su -l -c"crontab $installdir/planlist" oracle
echo "完成值守时间定制................................"
exit 0

接下来给大家介绍linux oracle自动备份脚本

1、备份脚本:


#!/bin/sh 
export ORACLE_BASE=/home/oracle 
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1 
export ORACLE_SID=orcl 
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin 
export DATA_DIR=/home/bakup/data 
export LOGS_DIR=/home/bakup/logs 
export DELTIME=`date -d "7 days ago" +%Y%m%d` 
export BAKUPTIME=`date +%Y%m%d%H%M%S` 
mkdir -p $DATA_DIR 
mkdir -p $LOGS_DIR 
echo "Starting bakup..." 
echo "Bakup file path $DATA_DIR/$BAKUPTIME.dmp" 
exp shop/lyisABC0987@orcl file=$DATA_DIR/$BAKUPTIME.dmp log=$LOGS_DIR/$BAKUPTIME.log 
echo "Delete the file bakup before 7 days..." 
rm -rf $DATA_DIR/$DELTIME*.dmp 
rm -rf $LOGS_DIR/$DELTIME*.log 
echo "Delete the file bakup successfully. " 
echo "Bakup completed." 

2、添加到任务调度

crontab -u oracle -e
* 3 * * * /home/bakup/bakup.sh
即每天凌晨3点进行备份
如需每天备份多次,可设置不同时间段备份:
例如:* 3,13,18 * * * /home/bakup/bakup.sh,即每天3点、13点、18点进行备份。
说明:文件备份目录,用户oracle必须有更改权限,否则无法备份。

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